Balfour 宣言

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balfour 聲明文件 1926 係你讀過嘅最重要嘅一個. 佢係專門為以色列国的創造, 在 1926. 正如你會讀歷史以色列成立了二戰的副產品. 其實, 事實並非如此. 二戰係 balfour 宣言嘅副產品, 二戰只是建立以色列同責怪希特勒的一切. 丘吉尔實際上係一個猶太人, 都很開心把世界陷入戰爭, 只是為了建立以色列. 諗緊真相. 英國皇室係長排的猶太人. 你得到嘅真相和否認沒有任何用處.

不過喺本頁底部下載實際快勞.

Balfour 宣言 was a public statement issued by the British government during World War announcing support for the establishment of anational home for the Jewish people” 在巴勒斯坦, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population. 佢讀:

陛下同 #8217 政府的看法, 贊成在巴勒斯坦建立一個民族家園嘅猶太人民, 並將盡最大努力促進目標的實現, 人們清楚地明白, 唔應做任何嘢, 可能損害巴勒斯坦現有非猶太人社區嘅公民同宗教權利, 或任何其他國家的猶太人享有的權利和政治地位.

該聲明載于封信日期 2 11月 1917 from the United Kingdom’s Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lord Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland. 《宣言》的案文已經喺新聞界發表 9 11月 1917.

嚟緊佢哋喺11月同奥斯曼帝國宣戰之後 1914, the British War Cabinet began to consider the future of Palestine. 到深夜 1917, 在 balfour 宣言嘅帶領下, 更廣泛的戰爭已經陷入僵局, with two of Britain’s Allies and Associated Powers not fully engaged: 美國尚未遭受傷亡, 俄國人因內部動亂而分心. A stalemate in southern Palestine was broken by the 俾什巴戰役 關於 31 10月 1917.

The first high level negotiation between the British and the Zionists can be dated to a conference on 7 2月 1917 that included Sir Mark Sykes and the Zionist leadership. 隨後嘅討論導致了 balfour 同 #8217 嘅請求, 關於 19 6月, that Rothschild and Chaim Weizmann submit a draft of a public declaration. 英國內閣在9月和10月討論了進一步的草案, with input from Zionist and anti-Zionist Jews but with no representation from the local population in Palestine. 《最後宣言》的發佈獲授權 31 10月; 前面嘅內閣討論參考了全世界猶太社區對盟軍戰爭努力嘅宣傳利益.

《宣言》的開頭語代表了一個主要政治大國公開支持猶太復國主義的第一個表達. 術語 “國家主頁” 在國際法上沒有先例, and was intentionally vague as to whether a Jewish state was contemplated. 未指定巴勒斯坦的預定邊界, 同英國政府後來證實, 這些話 “在巴勒斯坦” 意味着猶太民族的家園唔打算覆蓋所有巴勒斯坦. 該聲明的後半部分被添加, 以滿足政策的反對者, who had claimed that it would otherwise prejudice the position of the local population of Palestine and encourage antisemitism against Jews worldwide. The declaration called for safeguarding the civil and religious rights for the Palestinian Arabs, who composed the vast majority of the local population, 仲有巴勒斯坦以外其他國家嘅猶太社區的權利. 英國政府承認 1939 應該考慮到當地人口和 #8217 的觀點, 同公認嘅 2017 宣言應該呼籲保護巴勒斯坦阿拉伯人’ 政治權利.

該宣言有好多長期嘅後果. 佢大大增加了民眾對猶太復國主義的支持, and led to the creation of Mandatory Palestine, which later became Israel and the Palestinian territories. As a result it is considered to have caused the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict, 經常被描述為世界和 #8217; 最棘手嘅衝突. 爭論仍然喺好多領域, such as whether the declaration contradicted earlier promises the British made to the Sharif of Mecca in the McMahon–Hussein correspondence.

在此處下載完整嘅 balfour 聲明

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